Home Uncategorized What are the products of Petroleum?

What are the products of Petroleum?

by admin

classification of petroleum products

refined oil

unleaded gasoline
heavy diesel
jet fuel
standard light diesel

heavy oil (residue, fuel oil)
automotive gasoline
aviation gasoline
military diesel

a heavy oil
marine fuel oil
aviation washing gasoline
liquefied petroleum gas

kerosene
dry petroleum gas
gasoline
unleaded gasoline

marine (internal combustion engine) Fuel oil

additive

demulsifier
methyl tert butyl ether
t203 antioxidant and anti-corrosion agent
t561 metal deactivator

t1301 anti icing agent
zinc dinonyl naphthalene sulfonate
t705 antirust additive
t1501a antistatic agent

t705a antirust additive
T551 metal deactivator
T701 antirust additive
t621 viscosity index improver

T202 antioxidant and anti-corrosion agent
poly α- Olefin synthetic oil
t803 pour point depressant
Sulfurized Alkyl Phenol calcium

lan3211 composite
lan3143 composite
T746 rust inhibitor
T801 pour point depressant

lan3012 composite
medium base calcium alkyl salicylate
LAN 746b rust inhibitor
t703 rust inhibitor

t803a pour point depressant

asphalt

optical asphalt
special petroleum asphalt
cationic emulsified asphalt
hard asphalt

road asphalt
insulating asphalt Green
ordinary petroleum asphalt
felt asphalt

building petroleum asphalt
oxidized asphalt
shell inner bore coating asphalt
anticorrosive asphalt

Cable asphalt
battery asphalt
optical cable asphalt
rubber asphalt

special petroleum asphalt
alkaline petroleum asphalt
paint petroleum asphalt
battery sealing agent

lubricating oil Grease

Vacuum (lubricating) oil
petroleum aromatics softener
internal combustion diesel engine oil
General Industrial closed gear oil (l-ckb)

No. 2 special process oil
two stroke gasoline engine oil
medium load industrial closed gear oil (L-CKC)
heavy load vehicle gear oil

instrument oil
white oil
low noise bearing grease
No. 100 textile engine oil

viscosity standard oil
grease (extreme pressure lithium base grease)
Marine diesel engine oil
heavy duty industrial closed gear oil (L-CKD)

internal combustion gasoline engine oil
railway diesel locomotive oil
special base oil for lubricating oil
composite turbine vortex rod oil (l-cke)

standard oil for rubber test
lubricating grease (general lithium base grease for automobile)
oil for l-an total loss system
extreme pressure turbine vortex rod oil (l-cke /P)

rubber filling oil
yellow mineral oil
l-ay axle oil
compressor oil

general internal combustion engine oil
medium load vehicle gear oil (gl-4)
guide rail oil
refrigeration oil

soft sesame oil
No. 24 thin layer antirust oil
bearing oil (main shaft oil)
roll bearing grease

auxiliary oil
heat treatment oil
multipurpose low temperature grease
cylinder oil

ordinary vehicle gear oil (bl-3)
Reducer grease
turbine oil
No. 8 aviation antirust grease

composite lithium base grease
No. 16 antirust tank grease
lubricating oil general base oil
small and medium motor bearing grease

pumping oil
special anti-corrosion grease for unbonded prestressed tendons
9301 EP lithium base grease
polyurea base grease

No. 3 alcohol resistant sealing grease
hydraulic oil
capacitor oil
composite aluminum base grease Grease

White special grease
metalworking oil
transformer oil
circuit breaker oil (oil switch oil)

molybdenum disulfide lithium base grease
insulating oil
insulating glue
dry gas holder sealing oil

calcium base grease
heat transfer oil
antirust gun oil
composite calcium base grease

paraffin

refined paraffin
one wax
yellow wax
Vaseline

rubber protective wax
liquid paraffin
soap wax
food paraffin

semi refined paraffin
fully refined paraffin
microcrystalline wax

petroleum coke

needle coke
delayed petroleum coke

other petroleum products

C4 fraction
rfq-1 gas turbine engine cleaner
benzene free diluent
solvent oil for paint industry

solvent oil for rubber industry
C5 fraction
solvent oil
chemical light oil (naphtha)

C10 fraction
No. 6 extraction solvent oil
alkylbenzene material

there are many products!!!

Introduction to petroleum products

petroleum products can be divided into six categories: petroleum fuel, petroleum solvent and chemical raw materials, lubricant, paraffin, petroleum asphalt and petroleum coke. Among them, the output of various fuels is the largest, accounting for about 90% of the total output; There are the most varieties of lubricants, accounting for about 5% of the output. All countries have formulated product standards to meet the needs of production and use
gasoline
is the most consumed variety. The boiling point range (also known as distillation range) of gasoline is 30 ~ 205 ° C and the density is 0.70 ~ 0.78 g /cm3. Commercial gasoline is marked with octane number of 70, 80, 90 or higher according to the anti knock combustion performance of the oil when burning in the cylinder. The gasoline is mainly used as fuel for automobiles, motorcycles, speedboats, helicopters and agricultural and forestry aircraft. Commercial gasoline is added with additives (such as antiknock agent tetraethyl lead) to improve its use and storage performance. Due to environmental protection requirements, the content of aromatics and lead will be limited in the future
jet fuel
is mainly used for jet aircraft. The boiling point range is 60 ~ 280 ℃ or 150 ~ 315 ℃ (commonly known as aviation gasoline). In order to meet the needs of high-altitude, low-temperature and high-speed flight, this kind of oil requires high calorific value and no solid crystallization at – 50c. The boiling point range of kerosene is 180 ~ 310 ℃, which is mainly used for lighting and domestic cooking. The flame shall be stable and bright without black smoke. At present, the output is small
diesel oil
the boiling point range includes 180 ~ 370 ℃ and 350 ~ 410 ℃. For petroleum and its processed products, those with low boiling point or boiling point range are traditionally called light, on the contrary, they become heavy. Therefore, the former is called light diesel and the latter is called heavy diesel. Commercial diesel oil is classified according to freezing point, such as 10, – 20, which indicates low service temperature. Diesel oil is widely used in large vehicles and ships. Because the high-speed diesel engine (for automobile) is more fuel-efficient than gasoline engine, the growth rate of diesel demand is faster than gasoline, and some small cars also use diesel. The quality requirement of diesel oil is good combustion performance and fluidity. The higher the cetane number, the better the combustion performance. The cetane number of diesel oil made from Daqing crude oil can reach 68. The cetane number of light diesel used in high-speed diesel engine is 42 ~ 55, and that at low speed is below 35
fuel oil
used as fuel for boilers, ships and industrial furnaces. The viscosity of commercial fuel oil is used to distinguish different grades
petroleum solvent
is used in solvents, oils, reagents, rubber processing, paint industry, solvents, or cleaning instruments, meters and mechanical parts. Br> lubricants
lubricants made from petroleum account for more than 95% of the total lubricant produ
ction. In addition to lubrication performance, it also has the functions of cooling, sealing, anti-corrosion, insulation, cleaning and energy transfer. The largest output is internal combustion engine oil (accounting for 40%), and the rest are gear oil, hydraulic oil, steam turbine oil, electrical insulation oil and compressor oil, accounting for 40% in total. Commercial lubricating oil is classified according to viscosity. High viscosity oil is used for machinery with large load and low speed, otherwise low viscosity oil is used. The oil refining unit produces base oil made by various refining processes, plus a variety of additives, so it has special functions and high added value
grease
commonly known as butter, is a solid or semi fluid made of lubricant thickener. It is used in bearings and gears where lubricating oil is not suitable
paraffin oil
includes paraffin (accounting for 10% of the total consumption), ground wax, petroleum grease, etc. Paraffin is mainly used as packaging materials, cosmetic raw materials and wax products. It can also be used as chemical raw materials to produce fatty acids (soap raw materials)
petroleum asphalt
is mainly used for roads and buildings
petroleum coke
is used as electrode in metallurgy (steel, aluminum) and chemical industry (calcium carbide)
in addition to the above petroleum commodities, various oil refining units also get some products that are gases at room temperature, which are generally called refinery gas. They can be directly used as fuel or pressurized liquefaction to separate liquefied petroleum gas, and can be used as raw materials or chemical raw materials. There are many kinds of chemical raw materials provided by the refinery, which is the raw material base of organic chemical products. All kinds of oil and refinery gas can be selected according to different production purposes and production processes. Gaseous raw materials under normal pressure are mainly used to produce ethylene, propylene, synthetic ammonia, hydrogen, acetylene and carbon black. Liquid raw materials (liquefied petroleum gas, light gasoline, light diesel and heavy diesel) can be cracked to make most of the basic raw materials (except acetylene) required for the development of petrochemical industry, which is the basis for the development of petrochemical industry. At present, crude oil can not directly produce basic organic raw materials due to serious coking at high temperature. Refineries are also suppliers of important aromatics such as benzene, toluene and xylene. Finally, it should be pointed out that gasoline, aviation kerosene and diesel oil are more or less added with additives to improve their use and storage performance. The products produced by each refining unit need to be mixed with additives and oils of different units according to commodity standards before they can be used as commodities. Petroleum additives are used less and have great effects. They are fine chemical products synthesized by chemistry. They are necessary for the development of high-grade products and should be vigorously developed.

Related Posts

Leave a Comment