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What are the problems in green packaging design?

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with the rapid progress of society and the rapid development of economy, people have higher and higher requirements for the taste and quality of life. When consumers buy products, packaging is an important factor to attract consumers. Due to the serious environmental pollution, people have great interest in green goods, which leads to green packaging. Now let’s talk about some things about green packaging design
several meanings of green packaging design are put forward:
packaging designers should try to use green packaging materials and design long-life packaging materials, which can greatly reduce the environmental pollution caused by the waste of packaging materials. Packaging reduction. In some developed countries, many supermarkets encourage consumers to use reusable nylon shopping bags instead of disposable plastic bags, minimize the materials used in packaging design, eliminate unnecessary packaging as much as possible, and advocate simple packaging to save resources. Simplification of packaging materials. The materials used shall be as simple as possible, and different materials shall not be mixed, so as to facilitate recycling. Packaging design is detachable. Packaging requiring composite structure shall be designed into a detachable structure, which is conducive to recycling after disassembly. Pay attention to the reuse of packaging materials. Adopt recyclable, reusable and recycled packaging to improve the life cycle of packaging materials, so as to reduce packaging waste. Harmless packaging materials. The European packaging and packaging waste directive specifies the level of heavy metals (lead, mercury and chromium, etc.), for example, the content of lead is less than 100ppm. China should also prohibit or reduce the use of some packaging materials containing harmful components such as lead, mercury and tin in the form of legislation, and stipulate the allowable content of heavy metals
I. concept of packaging and furniture packaging
1 The difference between packaging and baling
(1) packing is simply binding articles
(2) packaging: wrap the goods and further endow them with the attributes of goods that can be sold
2. Countries around the world have different definitions of packaging
the United States: packaging is the use of appropriate materials, containers and technology to enable products to reach their destination safely – at each stage of the product transportation process, no matter what kind of external influence, it can protect its contents without affecting the value of the product
Japanese industrial standard specification [jisz1010 (1951):] the so-called packaging refers to the state in which articles are wrapped with appropriate materials, containers and packaging technology in order to protect their value and original state during transportation and storage
China: packaging is the general name of containers, materials and auxiliary materials used in a certain way to protect products in the process of circulation, facilitate storage and transportation and promote sales
based on the above concepts, we can see that the main purpose of packaging is to protect goods and maintain value. It involves the selection of packaging materials, packaging methods, protective measures, packaging decoration and so on. Packaging is an independent industrial system. Furniture packaging is not furniture packaging, but furniture packaging. Furniture packaged with furniture should have good sales performance. Furniture packaging needs to consider all the contents of packaging
3. Definition of furniture packaging design
according to its purpose and content requirements and referring to people’s understanding of packaging, furniture packaging design can be defined as: using appropriate packaging materials and packaging technology; Using design rules and aesthetic principles; The whole process of providing containers, modeling and packaging for furniture products, and expressing them with drawings or models. Furniture packaging design and furniture product design are a dialectical relationship. It provides appropriate protection for furniture products in the process of production, storage, transportation and sales, and reflects the product personality, the enterprise culture and design culture of the manufacturer. Furniture packaging design participates in the whole process of furniture product design, such as modeling, specification, material, number, structure and technology
II. The function of furniture packaging
the function of furniture packaging has the following aspects: (1) provide appropriate protection for furniture products. (2) Brand services for furniture product design, production and sales. (3) Provide information society services for furniture enterprises in proper resource allocation, informatization, product generalization and inventory of production and sales. (4) Serve the consumers of furniture products
1. The main function of furniture packaging is to provide appropriate protection for furniture products
it takes a long time and space to transform furniture products from production to use. All these processes include the storage, transportation, sales and self-assembly of furniture products. Only with good packaging design can the value of furniture products avoid the adverse effects caused by changes in humidity, temperature, mechanical collision, biological factors and so on. When the furniture reaches the last link of consumers, the shape, appearance and structure of furniture products have not been dry cracked, wet expanded, warped, moldy, paint film falling off, marble or glass cracking and other phenomena, and the value of furniture can be finally reflected
2. Brand service for furniture product design, production and sales is an important function of furniture packaging
for export-oriented furniture manufacturers as OEM, overseas companies will put forward very high requirements on packaging. They sometimes provide all the packaging design and outer box decoration design; This is actually a strict restriction on the brand design, production and sales of the domestic furniture industry. China is a big country in furniture production and sales. With good furniture packaging, there will be more room for the development of China’s furniture industry
as the saying goes, “a good horse matches a good saddle”, but many furniture enterprises consider the particularity of furniture products. Before consumers use it, the seller has unpacked the outside of the package, so they often ignore the importance of packaging. Now we notice that DIY furniture and KD furniture need excellent furniture packaging; The enterprise culture, service quality and product quality of furniture enterprises also depend on furniture packaging. The packaging design of furniture is not only the design and beautification of packaging box, but also includes the design and technical treatment of enterprise and product logo, product manual, after-sales service, instructions for use and other details. In short, furniture packaging provides a broad stage for the brand management of furniture manufacturers. The cost of furniture packaging can be calculated as the production cost. If first-class furniture is equipped with third-class packaging, it can only sell at the second-class price, and the product is difficult to give users confidence
3. It is a special function of furniture packaging to provide information society services for furniture enterprises to adapt to the informatization of resource allocation, product generalization and zero inventory of production and sales
(1) sealing tape provides a good data entry for the resource allocation informatization of furniture manufacturers. The sealing adhesive paper adopts bar code processing technology; After packaging and warehousing, the product name, model, specification, quantity of parts, color, material, production cost, sales purpose, date of delivery, product king size /Queen size and other parameters can be uniformly entered into the Excel database and l
inked with the barcode to meet the needs of the enterprise’s overall operation, market research, annual summary, container packing calculation and so on
(2) the unified specification and common use of outer cartons can reduce the inventory of cartons. Different furniture products can use outer boxes of the same specification. For example, different iron soft chairs or solid wood dining chairs (DIY structure) have different shapes of parts, but the consistency of the size of the outer box of the package can be considered; At present, many furniture manufacturers directly print the product shape in the outer box, which limits the universality of the outer box
(3) for parts like bed net and iron bed, the general packaging can be considered. For example, general parts such as bed net and steel pipe bed mother are used separately according to the specifications, and other parts of furniture in different suites are given different product numbers; When product matching is required, other parts of the suite and general parts (packaged) shall be stored with the same barcode
4. Serving consumers of furniture products is the ultimate goal of furniture packaging
when people talk about furniture design, their favorite slogans are “humanism” and “green design”. Furniture products, especially DIY furniture and KD furniture, need a good furniture packaging to truly serve consumers. An excellent furniture packaging includes the following aspects that are beneficial to consumers: (1) the location of hardware accessories is eye-catching, and more accessories should not be less. (2) The assembly drawing is clear and standard, and the assembly steps are simple and easy to understand, with English introduction. (3) The parts shall be taken according to the assembly sequence, which is easy to identify. (4) there are detailed precautions for use, and there are Chinese and English instructions on materials, process, structure, modeling design, etc. (5) There are clear after-sales service contents and instructions on consumers’ rights and interests
III. contents of furniture packaging design
furniture packaging design includes the following contents: 1 Select the appropriate component assembly process and draw the assembly diagram. 2. Select the appropriate component matching, 3 Determine the position and fixing form of each part in the same packing box. 4. Select appropriate packaging materials, determine the use specifications of packaging materials, and formulate a detailed list of packaging materials. 5. Draw the schematic diagram of product disassembly and assembly and mark the parts. 6. Production of product instructions. 7. Draw stacking diagram. 8. Preparation of bar code information. 9. Outer box shape design, indication design and signboard design. 10. Chinese English translation
1. Consider the appropriate component assembly process
if the nail gun is used to force the shooting process (a) the mechanical collision between the glass panel and the shooting gun is difficult to avoid, and the glass will spend or produce internal stress; If process (b) is adopted, adverse effects can be avoided. Of course, it would be better if we could revise the structure and overall dimensions in the design of furniture products
2. Proper component matching
the following principles should be followed in component matching: (1) the principle of component relevance. Only when the components are relevant can they be convenient for customers to use. For example, the parts of the suite head screen share an outer box. (if a part in the head screen and the makeup stool share the packaging box, it is not suitable for packaging). (2) Use the space minimization principle. For manufacturers or sellers who achieve CIF price, it is their eternal pursuit to transport the most products with the lowest transportation cost. In the process of simulated packaging, we must repeatedly compare the size of packaging space and select the minimum packaging state. For DIY furniture and KD furniture, the packaging design must also require the product design to provide the best disassembly structure and disassembly size
3. Determine the proper position and fixing form of each part in the packing box
the position and fixing form of each part in the packing box should be determined in the following aspects: (1) the principle of symmetry. The principle of symmetry takes into account all kinds of unknowable states of furniture in the process of transportation, storage and sales, so as to ensure the stability of furniture products in the packing box. At the same time, it provides convenience for room use and product cognition. (2) Stability principle. Determine the respective positions of parts in the packing box to avoid mechanical collision caused by mutual displacement during circulation. (3) The principle that the fixed structure does not damage the aesthetic value of the product. The nail or transparent glue used to fix the bandage and glue rope shall have no adverse effect on the stress of the paint film and structure. When considering the above principles, the technology of computer simulation and physical test can be adopted. Make a trial packaging working platform as shown in figure (3)
4. Select appropriate packaging materials, determine the use specifications of packaging materials, and formulate the list of packaging materials
cost, packaging quality and other factors should be involved here. In selecting packaging materials, packaging forms and determining packaging regulations

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